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Agri-PV FAQs

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For farmers

  • What are the benefits of an Agri-PV system from BayWa r.e.?

    Our agrivoltaics systems allow synergy between agricultural production and generating renewable energy. Our systems protect crops against hail, sunburn and evaporation of water from the plants and soil.

  • Why choose BayWa r.e. as your partner?

    We have decades of experience in agriculture and energy. A global reach lets us tailor solutions to all regions and satisfy all stakeholders. With us, you get an end-to-end service for the entire lifespan of your project.

  • Do Agri-PV systems harm farm income?

    No. We carry out a profit analysis on all projects and don’t proceed unless a site can enjoy added value and financial return from hosting PV modules.

  • Do panels make it harder to work the land?

    Solar panels are installed throughout the project area so that the land can continue to be used as before. The height of the panels of our agrivoltaics systems comply with occupational health and safety laws, at least 2.1 meters.

  • Will crops get enough sunlight?

    Yes. Light intensity, degree of shading and uniformity of light are examined and configured according to the needs of the crops under panels.

  • What crops are best for Agri-PV?

    Overhead-PV installations are designed for red fruits; berries, raspberries, currants, blueberries, strawberries and blackberries.

    Interspace-PV installations are more suitable for land dedicated to pasture or low-rise crops such as cereals.

  • Will crops get enough water?

    Yes. Water availability is adapted to each crop. This can be further optimised with additional equipment.

  • Is soil erosion a problem?

    Agri-PV projects can be adapted to mitigate soil erosion. We keep a minimum width between panels and can install drainage equipment to facilitate rainwater flow.

  • Can an Agri-PV system be completely removed after it’s installed?

    Yes. Land used for Agri-PV can be restored to its original state. During construction and dismantling, we take measures to avoid any negative impact on soil caused by our works.

  • What’s the minimum height of Overhead-PV systems?

    PV modules have to be installed at least 2.1 metres from the ground.

  • How are Agri-PV systems anchored?

    There are a number of techniques we can use to either permanently or temporarily mount PV modules on your land. The site’s requirements dictate which is the right one for you. Whatever method we use, we make sure all our equipment is fully removable.

For banks and investors

For local authorities

For policymakers

  • What can Agri-PV do for Spain?

    Development of Agri-PV in Spain is still in the early stages, but set to grow fast. Spain has the potential to enjoy the same results as other countries, with 2.9 GWp of clean energy from Agri-PV produced worldwide. By harnessing the country’s huge agriculture sector, Agri-PV can become a competitive source of energy.

  • How much does energy from Agri-PV systems cost compared to ground-mounted PV?

    Agri-PV is currently more expensive than ground-mounted PV systems. As the technology progresses, costs will fall. Spain can benefit from Agri-PV subsidies like those in the Netherlands and France to help meet growing demand.

  • How can Agri-PV thrive in Spain?

    We need a legal framework that defines Agri-PV projects and categories. Right now, farms that host PV modules lose their farmland status and are classed as industrial land. We need a new category that accommodates dual use.

    New permitting and grid connection regulations would also help, including:

    • Fast-track permitting processes
    • Clear Spanish standards for quality control (BayWa r.e. work to German standards by default)
    • Defined grid quotas prioritising Agri-PV in certain regions
    • Removing the need for urban planning permission

    In other European countries like France, Agri-PV is being promoted through innovation request for proposals (RFPs). Similar support would help Spain realise the potential hidden in our huge agriculture sector.

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